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Coronary Illness: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Risk Factor

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With various health condition affecting many people, it’s important for one to know about these infections. If a condition is left unattended for a long period, it may end up developing into a serious health problem that can even lead to death. In this article, we shall try to evaluate some of the signs, symptoms and control measures that you can take to overcome contracting a coronary illness.

What is Coronary Illness?

The heart is a very critical organ in the human body. If it’s affected in any way, there are lots of problems that one may experience. The common cause of Contracting a coronary illness often is associated with the irregularities occurring in the arteries that supply blood and oxygen in and out of the heart. When plague develops on the inner walls of the arteries, dead tissues and blood cells will try to accumulate around the region to repair the area affected. This makes the arteries narrower and rigid. This will result in a low supply of blood and oxygen.

Coronary illness Symptoms

Angina; a kind of chest pain that is often associated with coronary illness is always the first symptoms to look out for. This condition leads to signs such as Squeezing, heaviness, burning, pressure, tightening and aching in the chest region. Indigestion, sweating, cramping, heartburn, nausea and heartburn can also indicate that you are suffering from coronary illness. Having a short breath is also common among victims of coronary illness.

Coronary illness Causes

This condition is normally caused by damages on the inner walls of the coronary artery. This may occur at an early stage and keep developing as one grows. Smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes or sedimentary lifestyle are among the common cause of this illness. Injuries in the inner walls of the coronary artery leading to accumulation of fatty deposits through a process known as atherosclerosis. If the plaque ruptures or brakes, platelets will accumulate in the affected area as they try to repair the affected area. This accumulation results in narrowing of the coronary artery and with time, it will block oxygen and blood supply. This is what leads to coronary illness.

Treatment

Treatment

1. Lifestyle changes

This is the first methods that can be used to treat this coronary illness. One should quit smoking and adopt a low sugar diet. You need also to start using low salt and low trans-fat. Doing regular exercise can improve the elasticity and endurance of the coronary artery. Managing diabetes condition can also help to treat this illness.

2. Medication

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors that lower blood pressure
  • Statins can reduce developments of coronary illness
  • Beta-blockers. These help to reduce heart rate and blood pressure if you have a heart attack
  • Nitroglycerin patches, tablets or sprays which help to widen the arteries and reduce chest pain
  • Calcium blockers which reduce hypertension, improve blood flow and widen coronary arteries

3. Surgery

This is often regarded as the last resort. If the illness can no longer respond to medication or lifestyle changes, then the following surgeries can be used to ensure the patient doesn’t suffer much from its effects.

Laser surgery. This method is used to make tiny holes in the muscles of the heart. These can help to speed up the formation of blood vessels that will help to improve the flow of oxygen and blood in and out of the heart.

Coronary bypass surgery. If the coronary artery is blocked in a certain region, the doctor will have to create a graft. Other blood vessels from the body will be used in this process so that the blocked artery will be bypassed. The graft may originate from the arteries of the inner chest wall or the leg.

Angioplasty & stent placement. This surgery option is used to press the fatty deposits and ensure there is enough space for blood and oxygen to pass through. A catheter is inserted into the affected region of the artery. This tube is used to pass a Deflated balloon. When pressure is added into the balloon, it will try to press the plague against the coronary artery walls. A stent is then left in the artery to ensure it remains open.

Heart transplant. This is often not common but if the heart is damaged and doesn’t respond to any of the options above, then heart transplant will be the only option to terminate coronary illness.

Risk factors

  • Sex: Men have a high chance of getting this illness
  • Age: Older people are likely to contract a coronary illness
  • Obesity: Having too much weight worsen your condition
  • Physical inactivityLack of exercise reduces muscles elasticity and endurance
  • High cholesterol level: This can accelerate plague formation and atherosclerosis
  • SmokingSmoking destroys coronary arteries thus higher chance of coronary illness
  • Diabetes: This cause high blood pressure which increases the risk of coronary illness
  • Family historyThere is a high chance of contracting coronary illness if it was in your family
  • High blood pressure: If not controlled, it may harden and thicken the arteries making them narrow
  • Unhealthy dietTransfat, saturated fat, sugar and salt can accelerate the effects of coronary illness

Bottom Line

Harmful Effects of Instant Ramen Noodles are normally caused by coronary illness and need to be attended to avoid further problems. If you may see any of the symptoms stated above, it’s important to visit a doctor so that you can be examined. This can help to prevent it from developing.

Source Link

  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/184130.php
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronary-artery-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20350613
  • https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-coronary-artery-disease
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